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The Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) is a reauthorization of the federal education law known as the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA). It replaces the prior reauthorization, most commonly known as No Child Left Behind (NCLB). ESSA was signed into law by President Barack Obama on Dec. 10, 2015, and had broad bipartisan support in Congress.
ESSA reflects significant feedback from educators and school leaders provided since NCLB was instituted in federal fiscal year (FY) 2003 — notably, that greater local control of school accountability was necessary for schools and students to excel.
The U.S. Department of Education (USDOE) has the full text of the law and other resources posted here: http://www.ed.gov/essa.
ESSA is authorized for federal FY 2017-20, and requires full implementation in the 2017-18 school year. In the interim, USDOE will provide states with additional guidance, which ALSDE will use to inform the transition to the 2017-18 school year.